In this paper, we present an empirical investigation to measure the effects of intellectual capital using Maxwell model [Maxwell, J. C. (2003). Thinking for a change: 11 ways highly successful people approach life and work. Faith Words]. The proposed model of this survey designs a questionnaire in Likert scale and distributes it among 64 managers in an Iranian switch organization called ABFA. The main hypothesis of this survey studies whether the managers have beautiful mind in their work or not. There are 11 sub-hypotheses in this survey based on Maxwell model and the results of this survey conclude that “Sharing the ideas” index maintains the highest rate of importance and “being detailed oriented” maintains the lowest rate of importance.
During the past few years, there have been extensive developments on Islamic Azad University, which has led on reduction of managerial flexibility. Therefore, these organizations concentrate on their strategic management via usage of the Balanced Model such as Balanced Score Card (BSC) to consider different organizational perspectives and it is important to have good description of organizational strategies and goals. The strategy map is a primary factor to assess the performance in different organizational activities. In this paper, the performance evaluation system of Islamic Azad University of Semnan is designed by the utilization of strategy map as a prominent part of BSC.
Information asymmetry arises when one of the parties to the contract or transaction, possesses more information than the other, provided that the former uses such information effectively when communicating with the latter. The main objective of this study was to examine the effects of information asymmetry on the value of companies. Two techniques i.e. standard deviations of returns (STDRET) and turnover (TURNOVER) were used to determine information asymmetry while the Tobin’s Q was employed to determine companies’ value. The population under study was all the listed companies in Tehran Stock Exchange, of which a total of 72 companies were chosen as the research sample and were studied over the period 2004-2009. Panel analysis technique was used in this study to analyze the collected data. The results of the study indicate information asymmetry affect the value of the companies.
This paper studies the level of depression and mental ability among elderly people who live in institutional elderly versus nursing home residents. The investigation designs a questionnaire and distributes it among 345 elderly people who are residences of both places. The study implements Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS) test where mental ability includes seven factors including “general information”, “orientation”, “mind control”, “logical memory” and “repeated figures”, “visual memory” and “learn association”. The study performs some statistical tests and the results show that gender has no impact on two groups of elderly people in terms of mental utilization as well as depression level when the level of significance is five percent.
The main purpose of article is to survey the effect of Quality Management System (QMS) on organization efficiency based on the concept of change management. The role of top organization management for QMS implementation and change management solutions to eliminate organization resistance are investigated. In this study, fourteen Deming’s principles are independent variables, organization productivity is dependent variable and the study examines six different hypotheses. Cronbach Alpha coefficient is calculated as 87.62%, which validates research questionnaire. The proposed study of this paper uses t-student to examine all six hypotheses in a case study from a firm named Aria Sanaat factory. The results of this study confirm that there are some positive effects on organizational management variables & establishing training and explanation courses & meetings.
his paper investigates normalization and psychometric properties of career skills confidence inventory. For this purpose, we use Betz’s questionnaire [Betz, N. E., Harmon, L., & Borgen, F. (1996). The relationships of self- efficacy for the Holland themes to gender, occupational group membership, and vocational interests. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 43, 90-98.], which consists of 60 questions in three groups of self-awareness, exploration and planning. The study distributes the questionnaire among 600 randomly selected students and analyzes the feedback using Pearson correlation ratios. The results indicate that there are some positive and meaningful correlations between three component and career counseling. There are also positive and meaningful relationships among three components of self-awareness, exploration and planning.
This paper presents a multi-objective location problem in a three level supply chain network under uncertain environment considering inventory decisions. The proposed model of this paper considers uncertainty for different parameters including procurement, transportation costs, supply, demand and the capacity of various facilities. The proposed model presents a robust optimization model, which specifies locations of distribution centers to be opened, inventory control parameters (r, Q), and allocation of supply chain components, concurrently. The resulted mixed-integer nonlinear programming minimizes the expected total cost of such a supply chain network comprising location, procurement, transportation, holding, ordering, and shortage costs. The model also minimizes the variability of the total cost of relief chain and minimizes the financial risk or the probability of not meeting a certain budget. We use the ?-constraint method, which is a multi-objective technique with implicit trade-off information given, to solve the problem and using a couple of numerical instances, we examine the performance of the proposed approach.
Capital employed efficiency is one of the intellectual capital components based on value added intellectual capital model. It is calculated by dividing value added on capital employed. Operational cash flow is made from operating activities. It is expected that created value added from capital employed could make more operational cash flow. This paper investigates the relationship between capital employed efficiency and operating cash flow. To test this hypothesis, data has been collected from a sample of 161 firms in Tehran Stock Exchange over the period 2008-2012. Results show that there is a positive and significant relationship between capital employed efficiency and operational cash flow. In other words, more cash flow from operational is created through increasing the amount of value added based on capital employed.
This study investigates whether enhancing organizational agility and mental health of staff could increase strategic readiness for crises or not. In this study, descriptive statistics is used to present demographic data of the research, and P-Test is employed for analyzing the data. In addition, to examine research hypotheses, correlation coefficients and descriptive statistics are implemented. Finally, to rank the variables and indicators of the research, Friedman test and for comparison of indicators and components of the research, nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test are used. The proposed study designs a questionnaire and The questionnaire and distributes it among some nurses in obstetrics and anesthesiology department and among supervisors. Cronbach & apos; s alpha is also employed for determining the reliability in this study. The results indicate that working conditions as well as employees’ mental health are in good conditions, the employees with higher levels of mental health have higher readiness to deal with potential crises, and the relationship between agility of hospitals and their strategic readiness for dealing with crises is confirmed.
Institutional investors play important role on formation of different changes on corporate governance systems. They can significantly influence on companies by monitoring the performance of management and limiting their opportunistic behaviors and manipulating their financial statements. Therefore, the main objective of the present study is to investigate the relationship between institutional investors and earnings management on some listed companies on Tehran Stock Exchange by examining a sample of 700 firm-years data over the period 2006-2010. In this study, the discretionary accruals are used as an indicator for earnings management. The results indicate that there is a positive and significant relationship between institutional investors and earnings management and suggest that increasing the ownership percentage of institutional shareholders increases earnings management. In addition, the results of the control variables have shown that firm size had no impact on earnings management, but financial leverage and return on sales, respectively had negative and positive effect on the earnings management of companies.